Garden Soil: Site Map

Garden Soil
Learn about garden soil, mulch, fertilizer and fertilizers

Types of Soil
Soil is made up of a variety of organic and inorganic materials, including rock particles, decaying plants and animals, air, water, and microorganisms.

Mulch
When nitrogen is lacking, the plant's leaves turn yellow from the tips to the stems and growth is stunted.

Soil Amendments
Most soil will benefit from additives, which can improve drainage, retain moisture, provide aeration, and supply organic matter.

Garden Soil

Garden Soil - Foreword
I dcn't believe a truly complete book of soils will ever be written

Garden Soil - A General View
The earth is the mother of us all-plants, animals and men

Garden Soil - Make The pH Work For You
One of the principal influences for good or bad in soil is its pH

Garden Soil - Various Soil Tests Pro & Con
The pH test is not the only one. Your soil's structure, organic composition, mineral

Garden Soil - What Should You Know About Nutrients
If we are to understand how plants feed, an old misconception must be discarded at once

Garden Soil - Soil Fertilizers
A common illusion about fertilizers is that they are direct nutrients which must be promptly absorbed

Garden Soil - Organic AND Inorganic Gardening
Perhaps the greatest controversy in the gardening field during the past two decades has enveloped the relative merits of chemical nutrients

Garden Soil - Organic Matter In Soils
From here on, the record is easier to read, since the descendants of these primordial bits of vegetation

Garden Soil - Composting And Soil Conditioning
Any form of organic matter that will decay can be composted

Garden Soil - Microorganisms Live And Die For You
When we speak of the microorganisms of the soil, we are speaking of a living

Garden Soil - The Misunderstood Earthworm
The authority most frequently quoted to back up these claims is Charles Darwin, who in 1885 wrote a book

Garden Soil - Water And Air - A Vital Pair
No part of the United States, whether fog-shrouded islands off the coast of Maine

Garden Soil - A Little Disgging Goes A Long Way
Contrast a soil in good tilth with one in poor condition

Garden Soil - Special Soil Mixtures
Reading between the lines, my guess is that what the scientists were really striving for were standardized

Garden Soil - Soil-Borne Plant Diseases
It can be prevented by the use of fertilizers and soil treatments that bring pH so low that the scab

Garden Soil - Harmful Soil Insects And Other Pests
Such potency against insects naturally raises fears of the effects of these chemicals on human beings and animals

Garden Soil - Weeds And Weed Killers
My own most striking experience with seed persistence was with crabgrass

Garden Soil - Foreword
I dcn't believe a truly complete book of soils will ever be written

Garden Soil - A General View
Soils containing more than 50 per cent stones over 1 inch in diameter.

Garden Soil - Make The pH Work For You - Acidity
Years ago, Dr. Edgar T. Wherry devised a classification of soils by degrees of acidity

Garden Soil - Various Soil Tests Pro & Con
The heavier the soil, however, the less accurate a wash test will be. The difficulty lies in breaking the bond between the acid clay particle and its cluster of alkaline particles. However, I find that if two tablespoonfuls of sodium nitrate are added to the soil sample, some of the electrical charge holding clay and lime together can be neutralized

Garden Soil - What Should You Know About Nutrients - Nitrogen
Of all food elements needed by plants, none is more important than nitrogen

Garden Soil - Soil Fertilizers
On lawns, for example, a burn from an overdose of a chemical fertilizer such as ammonium sulfate becomes visible almost at once

Garden Soil - Organic AND Inorganic Gardening
Time passed and chemical fertilizers became the standard

Garden Soil - Organic Matter In Soils
For example, there is humus, an important end product of organic matter in soil

Garden Soil - Composting And Soil Conditioning
Build the pile like a giant sandwich of 4-inch alternate layers of organic matter and soil

Garden Soil - Microorganisms Live And Die For You - Nitrogen Release
The amount of nitrogen these direct-fixing forms are capable of capturing is not definitely known

Garden Soil - The Misunderstood Earthworm
Most earthworms are hermaphrodites, so that, in mating, both individuals fertilize each other

Garden Soil - Water And Air - A Vital Pair
A private well is a fortunate solution to watering problems

Garden Soil - A Little Disgging Goes A Long Way - Soil Amendment
A quick, simple way to see the moisture condition of your soil is the mud pie test

Garden Soil - Special Soil Mixtures
Some ingredients might be difficult to find

Garden Soil - Soil-Borne Plant Diseases
Many garden experts talk about fall cleanup in much the same way that a dentist tells you to brush your teeth three times a day

Garden Soil - Harmful Soil Insects And Other Pests
Each year sees a decrease in reports of lead and copper toxicity as these older insecticides are dropped

Garden Soil - Weeds And Weed Killers
Chemical control of annual weeds in flower and vegetable plantings is not always easy

Garden Soil - A General View
These three points are chiefly important now, at the beginning of our discussion on converting a native soil into Gardener's Loam

Garden Soil - Make The pH Work For You - Then And Now
Organic matter, a vital soil ingredient that we will discuss later, has an important effect on pH

Garden Soil - Various Soil Tests Pro & Con
To make a wash test, use a half-gallon mason jar. If any other type of container is used

Garden Soil - What Should You Know About Nutrients - Nitrogen
Except for a mmiscule amount of nitrogen fixed electrically by man, these limited sources (limited in comparison with the vast unused store floating above) must satisfy the craving of every living thing for this vital ingredient of existence

Garden Soil - Soil Fertilizers
On lawns, for example, a burn from an overdose of a chemical fertilizer such as ammonium sulfate becomes visible almost at once

Garden Soil - Organic AND Inorganic Gardening
Time passed and chemical fertilizers became the standard

Garden Soil - Organic Matter In Soils
Cellulose next breaks down, releasing hydrogen, carbon dioxide and methane as by-products

Garden Soil - Composting And Soil Conditioning
They have some value in speeding up decomposition during cool spring or fall weather

Garden Soil - Microorganisms Live And Die For You - Nitrification
In soils already rich in nitrogen, little or no N-fixation occurs, even if seeds or plants are treated to be sure inoculating bacteria are present

Garden Soil - The Misunderstood Earthworm
Equally true is that earthworms are far from being the powerful allies promised in extravagant advertising

Garden Soil - Water And Air - A Vital Pair - Soil Sponge
Small pore passages are the mark of clay soils and other fine-textured types

Garden Soil - A Little Disgging Goes A Long Way
Organic matter improves tilth in every way. It provides a steady supply of fertility by the constant breaking down of plant and animal wastes

Garden Soil - Special Soil Mixtures
If truth be known, roses will survive in almost any soil, from a sandy loam to a stiff clay, so long as they have all the food and mois­ture they want. Actually I would say the lighter the soil the better the root growth.

Garden Soil - Soil-Borne Plant Diseases
Rhizoctonia solani: This is a confusing fungus because it has many forms, often called by different name

Garden Soil - Harmful Soil Insects And Other Pests
In my own case, I converted my vegetable garden into a lawn area when we acquired a summer home

Garden Soil - Weeds And Weed Killers
These chemicals work by building up a toxic layer an inch or so deep on the surface of the lawn

Garden Soil - A General View
The function of fungi and bacteria is to process and make avail­able food elements too complex for higher plants to absorb

Garden Soil - Make The pH Work For You
As mentioned, when growing all but a limited number of plants (acid-loving species like blueberries

Garden Soil - Various Soil Tests Pro & Con
Fortunate owners of small greenhouses can run similar tests in­doors during the winter to give a clue

Garden Soil - What Should You Know About Nutrients - Nitrogen
Since fertilizing was a big problem for Old World farmers, they learned to leave their fields rough-plowed

Garden Soil - Soil Fertilizers - Sources Of Nitrogen
This is perhaps the most widely used of all nitrogen fertilizers today,

Garden Soil - Organic AND Inorganic Gardening
My argument, then, is not with those who think natural sources of plant nutrients are good but with those

Garden Soil - Organic Matter In Soils - Oils
Our plant originally plowed under has now released most of its elements to the soil

Garden Soil - Composting And Soil Conditioning
Straw, Hay, Cattails: These are low in nitrogen

Garden Soil - Microorganisms Live And Die For You - Fungi
The role of fungi in the soil has not been as thoroughly studied as has the role of bacteria

Garden Soil - The Misunderstood Earthworm
They are amazingly selective in their food, with a strong prefer­ence for leaves of certain kinds of plants

Garden Soil - Water And Air - A Vital Pair
Grading sounds like a real engineering job, which it often is if done on a large area

Garden Soil - A Little Disgging Goes A Long Way - Trenching
If the trenching is done in fall, it offers a good way to dispose of fallen leaves

Garden Soil - Special Soil Mixtures
When we speak of roses, most of us mean the modern hybrid tea which, as one outstanding authority described

Garden Soil - Soil-Borne Plant Diseases
Seed treatment with commercially available chemicals such as Spergon, Panodrench, Arasan, Semesan

Garden Soil - Harmful Soil Insects And Other Pests
The grubs spend parts of three years underground

Garden Soil - Weeds And Weed Killers
Lead Arsenate: I have used this chemical off and on since 1936

Garden Soil - A General View
The catch is that very few of us are fortunate enough to have ideal conditions

Garden Soil - Make The pH Work For You - Making The pH Test
Because plants tend to remove calcium from the soil as they grow, which in turn lowers pH

Garden Soil - What Should You Know About Nutrients - Nitrogen
The only other nitrogen-replacement method available to farmers up to the nineteenth century was to grow cover crops

Garden Soil - Soil Fertilizers - Sources Of Nitrogen
This is perhaps the most widely used of all nitrogen fertilizers today,

Garden Soil - Organic AND Inorganic Gardening - Complex Point
About the only consistent point with organocultists is that they seem to prefer complex materials rather than simple, uninvolved combinations of only two or three chemicals.

Garden Soil - Organic Matter In Soils
Organic matter is a soil conditioner which can be matched by no other material

Garden Soil - Composting And Soil Conditioning
Where space or time does not permit you to operate a compost hea

Garden Soil - Microorganisms Live And Die For You
Bacteria that live on the roots of clovers and other legumes, for example

Garden Soil - The Misunderstood Earthworm
The slight aeration that earthworms do provide is more than offset by the harm done in spreading infection

Garden Soil - Water And Air - A Vital Pair - Erosion
Although erosion is a serious problem in farm soils, few gardens are large enough to consider this factor

Garden Soil - A Little Disgging Goes A Long Way
The next step is to dig a second trench alongside the first

Garden Soil - Special Soil Mixtures
Among the worst offenders are earthworms (see Chapter Ten)

Garden Soil - Soil-Borne Plant Diseases
Clean seed is important. Buy seed in packets from a reliable source

Garden Soil - Harmful Soil Insects And Other Pests
Wireworms: Hard, buff or ecru-colored segmented worms are very destructive to root crops

Garden Soil - Weeds And Weed Killers
The full residual period of zytron has not yet been determined, but it is being recommended largely

Garden Soil - Make The pH Work For You - Best Kit
Since this was before bulldozer days, I can just imagine an old-fashioned horse-drawn scoop cutting down

Garden Soil - What Should You Know About Nutrients - Phosphorus
Although our knowledge of how plants actually use phosphorus is still elemental

Garden Soil - Soil Fertilizers - Phosphorus Sources
Sewerage Sludge: Perhaps this is the most widely used of all organic fertilizers for lawns

Garden Soil - Organic AND Inorganic Gardening
Just about as unconvincing are the arguments advanced in favor of phosphate rock against superphospate made from this same rock

Garden Soil - Organic Matter In Soils
Organic matter is the intermediary that keeps all soil functions in harmony

Garden Soil - Composting And Soil Conditioning

Garden Soil - The Misunderstood Earthworm
Do earthworms have any value in soils? Yes and No

Garden Soil - Water And Air - A Vital Pair
Water and air comprise one of the leading partnerships in nature. The total success of Gardener's Loam depends largely on the harmonious relationship of these partners

Garden Soil - A Little Disgging Goes A Long Way
Small home-sized power tiller units are available but are usually too low in power to do a good job

Garden Soil - Special Soil Mixtures
Not long ago I read a book which offered elaborate instructions for making an asparagus bed

Garden Soil - Harmful Soil Insects And Other Pests
The tiny (sometimes microscopic) thread-like creatures called eelworms or nematodes

Garden Soil - Weeds And Weed Killers
One of the worst weed killers, in so far as residual effect goes, is sodium arsenite

Garden Soil - Make The pH Work For You -
Soil should be moist for several days before you test it

Garden Soil - What Should You Know About Nutrients - Phosphorus
Although our knowledge of how plants actually use phosphorus is still elemental

Garden Soil - Soil Fertilizers - Potash
Sulfate of Potash: This contains 48 per cent potash

Garden Soil - Organic AND Inorganic Gardening
The next step would be to inoculate half of these women with arthritis in some way

Garden Soil - Composting And Soil Conditioning
This makes sand a somewhat expensive soil conditioner if a sizable area is to be treated

Garden Soil - A Little Disgging Goes A Long Way
To my knowledge, there is no available home garden version of the chisel plow

Garden Soil - Harmful Soil Insects And Other Pests
During the past two years many members of the American Rose Society have become increasingly aware

Garden Soil - Weeds And Weed Killers
Many of the chlorinated phenoxy compounds cause a similar response

Garden Soil - Make The pH Work For You -
It is essential to photosynthesis, one of the most critical processes in the entire world by which energy

Garden Soil - What Should You Know About Nutrients - Phosphorus
Although our knowledge of how plants actually use phosphorus is still elemental

Garden Soil - Soil Fertilizers -
So far we have considered the nutrient content of fertilizer materials in percentages

Garden Soil - Organic AND Inorganic Gardening
I take the stand that we who advocate the use of chemicals and organic matter do not have to prove our case

Garden Soil - Composting And Soil Conditioning
Both Perlite and vermiculite can be used in amounts up to one third the total volume of the soil

Garden Soil - A Little Disgging Goes A Long Way
Old Dobbin's hoofs were not very large and did not compact the soil to any extent. The same cannot be said for many tractors which are heavy enough to cause serious compaction

Garden Soil - Harmful Soil Insects And Other Pests
Since nematodes are so widely distributed throughout the United States

Garden Soil - Weeds And Weed Killers
Weed control is closely connected to soil care

Garden Soil - Make The pH Work For You -
Acid-soil plants owe their ability to grow at low pH readings to the fact that their roots can tolerate

Garden Soil - What Should You Know About Nutrients - Phosphorus
Although our knowledge of how plants actually use phosphorus is still elemental

Garden Soil - Soil Fertilizers -
A great deal of fuss is made about the feeding value of various fertilizer formulae

Garden Soil - Organic AND Inorganic Gardening
Anyone who has given any thought to the conflicting claims in this controversy must have tried to figure out

Garden Soil - Harmful Soil Insects And Other Pests
I have discussed with several nematologists the possibility of controlling nematodes by encouraging the ring

Garden Soil - Make The pH Work For You -
The effect of organic matter is to buffer high alkalinity

Garden Soil - What Should You Know About Nutrients - potash
Potash is classed with nitrogen and phosphorus as one of the three essential (major) fertilizer elements

Garden Soil - Soil Fertilizers -
A great deal of fuss is made about the feeding value of various fertilizer formulae

Garden Soil - Organic AND Inorganic Gardening
Here an organic source of potash-wood ashes would do a better job than muriate of potash

Garden Soil - Make The pH Work For You -
Logically then, rhododendrons and other ericaceous plants (broad-leaved evergreens) thrive in acid soil

Garden Soil - What Should You Know About Nutrients - Potash
Potash is classed with nitrogen and phosphorus as one of the three essential (major) fertilizer elements

Garden Soil - What Should You Know About Nutrients - Other Elements
Following World War II, a rush to suburban living absorbed millions of acres of farmland around American

Garden Soil - What Should You Know About Nutrients - Other Elements
In other cases, calcium may override magnesium and cause a deficiency

Garden Soil - What Should You Know About Nutrients - Iron
Sulfur is important because it is a basic element in protein manufacture by the plant

Garden Soil - What Should You Know About Nutrients - Zinc And Borom
Nearly 400 years ago, borax was shipped from Central Asia to Europe for use as a fertilizer-one of the first chemicals to be used in feeding plants. Despite this early use of a boron-bearing material, it was not until 1915 that boron's essential role in plant nutrition was fully established

Garden Soil - What Should You Know About Nutrients - Other Elements
Boron is credited with affecting fifteen different functions in plant growth. Certainly it is a mighty midget of an element

Garden Soil - What Should You Know About Nutrients - Other Elements
Overliming is often a cause of a shortage of manganese since this element readily locks up

Garden Soil - What Should You Know About Nutrients - Toxic Effects
Arsenic is an element which is likely to be toxic in soils. Where an apple orchard has been sprayed for years with lead arsenate

 

 

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